RPS 2021-06
Toward an Inclusive Social Insurance Coverage in the Philippines: Examining Gender Disparities
Delving into the Countrys Future Outlook
A Case Study of Company Best Practices on Regularization of Workers in Contracting Arrangements
A Legal Analysis on the Speedy Disposition of Labor Cases on Appeal

PIDS WB 2021-0701
Challenges and Prospects of the Philippine Electric Vehicle Industry
PIDS WB 2021-0604
Senior High School Graduates' Prospects and Challenges in the Labor Market
PIDS WB 2021-0603
Improving the Land Tenure Security of Farmers and the Role of Agrarian Reform Beneficiary Organizations in Enhancing Agricultural Productivity
PIDS WB 2021-0602
Examining Philippine Regulatory Policies on Solid Waste Management
Socioeconomic Issues on Spotlight


Agriculture remains to be the backbone of the Philippine development agenda. According to the Philippine Development Plan (PDP) 2011–2016, the agriculture and fisheries sector contributed 18.4 percent to the country’s gross domestic product in 2004 to 2010. In the same period, agricultural exports increased from USD 2.5 billion to USD 4.1 billion. Moreover, almost 12 million Filipinos—or 35.1 percent of the total workforce—are engaged in agriculture-related work. However, the current state of agriculture in the country is marred by low productivity, declining employment share, inferior technology and infrastructure, complex distribution system, climate change and natural resource degradation, and rural poverty.

In a discussion paper published by the Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS), Dr. Roehlano Briones, a PIDS senior research fellow, argues that to achieve and sustain development, it must be anchored on productivity growth in agriculture. As a strategy, the Philippine government, through the PDP, has committed to: (1) improve productivity and increase rural incomes, (2) intensify programs on building resilience to climate change, and (3) enhance policy environment and governance.

A review of the agricultural policy environment in the Philippines shows that it is highly biased on rice and corn primarily because these crops are the main sources of livelihood of the majority of farmers. But according to a book published by the Philippine APEC Study Center Network (PASCN) and PIDS, this bias on certain agricultural products, particularly in terms of policy and research and development, has constrained efforts to promote rural diversification. Dr. Liboro Cabanilla, a professor at the University of the Philippines Los Baños and one of the authors of the PIDS-PASCN book, explains that because exports have remained concentrated on traditional commodities such as rice and corn, new sources of growth for agriculture have been limited.

With over 100 million people to feed, the call for the development of the Philippine agricultural sector has become more urgent. A poverty study by Dr. Celia Reyes, another PIDS research fellow, and her team, shows that three out of four poor Filipinos come from agricultural households. To achieve optimal agricultural growth, a World Bank policy paper encourages investment in manpower and infrastructure. As agriculture impacts employment and food affordability, appropriate policies and sustained government support for the sector may help reduce rural poverty. Moreover, with the integration of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the Philippines has to focus on developing its agricultural sector to increase its comparative advantage relative to other ASEAN member-countries.

A number of studies in the SERP-P tackle the complex issues hounding the agricultural sector. Some studies are sector- and crop-specific, while others are centered on policy, implementation, and assessment. There are also studies that link poverty, infrastructure, social protection, and financing to agriculture.

PIDS Book 2006-01  Philippine Agriculture, Food Security, and APEC
DP 2015-08  Targeting the Agricultural Poor: The Case of PCIC`s Special Programs
DP 2014-07  Enhancing Supply Chain Connectivity and Competitiveness of ASEAN Agricultural Products: Identifying Choke Points and Opportunities for Improvement
DRN 2011 Vol. XXIX No. 4  What`s in Store for AFNR Graduates in the Philippines?
DP 2007-23  The Determination of Contracts in Agricultural Economies
DP 2006-06  The Impact of a Philippine-US FTA: The Case of Philippine Agriculture
SU 1994-03  Relevance in Agriculture Education: The Alternative Approach to Learning and Teaching Agriculture
40493  Philippines : Agriculture Public Expenditure Review
DP 2013-39  Agriculture, Rural Employment, and Inclusive Growth
DRN 2014 Vol. XXXII No. 4  Philippine Agriculture Saddled by Poor Irrigation Systems
DRN 2009 Vol. XXVII No. 6  A Vision for Philippine Agriculture
JPD 1993 Vol. XX No. 2-e  Agricultural Growth and Rural Performance: A Philippine Perspective
JPD 1995 Vol. XXII No. 2-b  Philippine Rice Supply and Demand: Prospects and Policy Implications
WP 1993-02  Agricultural Credit and Banking in the Philippines: Efficiency and Access Issues