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Issues and Directions on Integrated Public Transport in Metropolitan Manila

The urban population of Metro Manila continues to expand along with high rates of suburbanization at adjoining municipalities. This greater metropolitan region is now referred to as 'Mega Manila'. The resulting urban pattern is one where an increasing number of people live at the fringes of the metropolitan area but still need to travel to the city centers to work or study. In order to sustain economic growth and development and to protect the environment in the region, there is a need to increase mobility through the provision of an integrated public transport system. This paper reviews the various sustainable development and management issues and policies impinging on the public transport system of Metro Manila. The paper also reviews and evaluates existing policy directions in relation to the development of an integrated public transport system for the metropolis.


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