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Characteristics of Rural Households in Rainfed Areas of Camarines Sur

This paper reports the results of the baseline household survey in lowland communities of Pamplona, Camarines Sur. The baseline survey aimed to describe the socio-demographic profile and farming characteristics of the rice farmers in the study areas. A total of 150 farmers from barangays Tambo, Veneracion, Del Rosario, Batang and Tampadong served as respondents. Among the data gathered are social and biophysical characteristics and other farm-related information. Results of the survey indicated that majority of the rainfed rice farmers in the study sites were male and married. The average age of the farmers is 54 years old while 40% of the farmers have attended or completed elementary school education while 48% were in high school. Rice topped the commodity planted in the study sites followed by vegetable. Surveyed farmers in Pamplona also engaged in animal production with carabao and swine farm animals raised. It was also revealed that aside from farming, other source of income include off-farm and non-farm activities such as working in other farm lands, businesses, and remittances. Poverty incidence is high estimated at 72% using the results of the baseline survey. Perception of the farmers on climate change was also derived from the survey. Majority of the respondents are aware of climate change and were able to describe dry and wet season and other factors associated with it.


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