Strategies for Effective Implementation of the CPAR Program - Building Up From the Gains: Lessons From the Improvements for Effective Implementation of the Community-Based Participatory Action Research Program (SEARCA-DA-BAR Policy Brief 2021)
Skills Needs Anticipation (SNA): Workplace Skills and Satisfaction (WSS) Baseline Survey of Select Employers in the Construction Industry
Strengthening Multi-employer Bargaining: Policies and Practices (Phase II)
Non-Hazardous Activities for Children: The Case of Banana and Sugarcane Supply Chains

PIDS WB 2021-0905
7th Mindanao Policy Research Forum
PIDS WB 2021-0905
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 4: Robust and Healthy Workforce and Closing Program
PIDS WB 2021-0904
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 3: Green And Inclusive Recovery
PIDS WB 2021-0903
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 2: Ethical Business
Publication Detail
CSPPS WP 2016-10: Income and Livelihood Impacts of the Closed Fishing Season Policy for Sardines in Zamboanga Peninsula, Philippines

Seasonal closure of fishing grounds and gear restriction have become common fisheries management strategies. In the waters surrounding Zamboanga Peninsula, Philippines, such policy was implemented specifically for sardines for three months within a 12-month period starting December 2011 specifically to improve sardine stock. This study assessed the impact of the closed fishing season for sardines on income, types of livelihood, and coping mechanisms of cannery workers and fisherfolks in Zamboanga Peninsula. A total of 301 respondents consisting of 172 fisherfolks and 129 sardine factory workers from Zamboanga City and Zamboanga del Norte were interviewed for this study. Results show that the policy has a negative effect on the income of cannery workers due to the work stoppage during the closed season. The lost income during the closed season is however partially offset by the increase in work days and work hours in the open season. Minimal impact was observed on the municipal fisherfolk because of their continued fishing activities during the same period. Though there was regular work stoppage since the policy was implemented, it did not result in a permanent change in the livelihood of workers as most of them wait for the closed season to end and be re-hired by the industry. Income diversification, especially of worker households, appears to lessen the impact of the policy on household income. Despite this, there is a low adoption of coping mechanisms against policy-induced income shock and minimal assistance received to help them cope with the fisheries closure. The continuous implementation of the policy warrants a strategy to further diversify household income sources through livelihood capacity-building assistance to offset the lost income during the closed fishing season. The industry and the government should explore the possibility of uninterrupted work during the closed season to lessen the impact on income and address issues on loan repayments during the closed fishing season.

UPLB Center for Strategic Planning and Policy Studies
Authors Keywords
Jalotjot, Hadji C.; Cervantes, Catherine P.; fisherfolk; Philippines; Zamboanga Peninsula; fisheries management; coping mechanism; cannery workers;
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2016 and available in the CSPPS, CPAf, UPLB or Downloaded 335 times since November 22, 2017
Please let us know your reason for downloading this publication. May we also ask you to provide additional information that will help us serve you better? Rest assured that your answers will not be shared with any outside parties. It will take you only two minutes to complete the survey. Thank you.

To use as reference:
If others, (Please specify):
Name: (optional)
Email: (required, but will not display)
If Prefer to self-describe, please specify:
Level of Education:
If employed either part-time or full-time, name of office:
If others, (Please specify):
Would you like to receive the SERP-P UPDATES e-newsletter? Yes No
Use the space below if you have any comment about this publication or SERP-P knowledge resources in general.