LATEST PUBLICATIONS
PN 2021-09
Gender Perspectives in E-livelihood and E-entrepreneurship
PN 2021-08
Promoting a More Innovative and Inclusive Society through ICT Development
SEARCA MGB 2021 2
Seed Guidebook: Scaling and Expanding for Effective Development the Experiences and Learning from the SEARCA Project ISARD
SEARCA RPCL 2021 6
Microbes for Sustainable Agriculture: Isolation and Identification of Beneficial Soil- and Plant-Associated Microorganisms

LATEST AV MATERIALS
PIDS WB 2021-0903
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 2: Ethical Business
PIDS WB 2021-0902
Opening Program and Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 1: Resetting Capitalism
PIDS WB 2021-0901
19th Development Policy Research Month Kick-Off Forum
PIDS WB 2021-0702
Local Governments' PDP and SDG Localization Efforts as Contribution to National Development
Publication Detail
WPS 5383: Equity in Climate Change: An Analytical Review

How global emissions reduction targets can be achieved equitably is a key issue in climate change discussions. This paper presents an analytical framework to encompass contributions to the literature on equity in climate change, and highlights the consequences -- in terms of future emissions allocations -- of different approaches to equity. Progressive cuts relative to historic levels -- for example, 80 percent by industrial countries and 20 percent by developing countries -- in effect accord primacy to adjustment costs and favor large current emitters such as the United States, Canada, Australia, oil exporters, and China. In contrast, principles of equal per capita emissions, historic responsibility, and ability to pay favor some large and poor developing countries such as India, Indonesia, and the Philippines, but hurt industrial countries as well as many other developing countries. The principle of preserving future development opportunities has the appeal that it does not constrain developing countries in the future by a problem that they did not largely cause in the past, but it shifts the burden of meeting climate change goals entirely to industrial countries. Given the strong conflicts of interest in defining equity in emission allocations, it may be desirable to shift the emphasis of international cooperation toward generating a low-carbon technology revolution. Equity considerations would then play a role not in allocating a shrinking emissions pie but in informing the relative contributions of countries to generating such a pie-enlarging revolution.

World Bank
Authors Keywords
Arulpragasam, Jehan; Fernandez, Luisa; Mattoo, Aaditya; Subramanian, Arvind; economic growth; equity; Philippines; environment; climate change; private service providers; emission allocations;
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2010 and available in the World Bank or Downloaded 439 times since March 06, 2012
×
Please let us know your reason for downloading this publication. May we also ask you to provide additional information that will help us serve you better? Rest assured that your answers will not be shared with any outside parties. It will take you only two minutes to complete the survey. Thank you.


To use as reference:
If others, (Please specify):
Name: (optional)
Email: (required, but will not display)
Age:
Gender:
If Prefer to self-describe, please specify:
Level of Education:
Occupation:
If employed either part-time or full-time, name of office:
If others, (Please specify):
Would you like to receive the SERP-P UPDATES e-newsletter? Yes No
Use the space below if you have any comment about this publication or SERP-P knowledge resources in general.