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47825: Climate Resilient Cities : A Primer on Reducing Vulnerabilities To Disasters - Makati City, Philippines

Makati City is one of the constituent cities of metro Manila, Philippines. Metro Manila consists of 16 cities and the municipality of Manila. Makati City is located in the central part of the metropolitan region. The Philippines is located in the Pacific ring of fire, which is prone to high seismic and volcanic activity. Makati City has high seismic hazard risk because of the West valley fault passing near the eastern parts of the city. There are several other faults that can produce large earthquakes, affecting the whole of metro Manila. Makati City is also prone to other hazards. It is vulnerable to typhoons that are frequently produced in the Pacific Ocean. Both the high wind and high-intensity rainfall cause damage. The city is also prone to widespread flooding during the rainy season due to an inadequate drainage system. In addition, Makati city experiences minor landslides in some locations and has some vulnerability to volcanic eruption from Taal volcano located about 60 kilometers to the south of metro Manila. The city is also experiencing environmental degradation due to an increase in air pollution. Since Makati city has an active economic sector, both industrial activities and vehicular traffic contribute to the city's pollution. The city feels that the level of pollution may reduce its competitiveness as a destination for regional business, and it is striving to reduce pollution levels. Makati City has initiated several programs for adapting to climate change. The City recognizes that it needs to improve the level of services provided to its residents. The different infrastructure services considered include the construction of several new disaster resistant school buildings in safer locations and the improvements of the health system.

World Bank
Authors Keywords
World Bank; disaster vulnerabilities; climate resilient cities;
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