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Evaluating Energy Security in the Philippines: An Indicators-Based Assessment

This Policy Note provides an overview of the energy security situation in the Philippines. Looking at various indicators, it finds that the country is energy insecure owing to persisting issues on sufficiency, reliability, resiliency, affordability, accessibility, and sustainability. Thus, it recommends developing the country's indigenous resources and reducing its reliance on imports. The government must also implement reforms that will enable grid expansion and modernization, promote further competition in the market, assess the electrification program for unserved areas, and pursue a clean energy transition.


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