PJD 2017 Vol. 44 No. 2d
Enhancing the Philippine Legal, Regulatory, and Policy Framework for Distributed Energy Resources
PJD 2017 Vol. 44 No. 2c
Possible Effects of China's Belt and Road Initiative on Philippine Trade and Investments
PJD 2017 Vol. 44 No. 2b
Effect of Supply Chain Integration on Business Performance and Competitiveness of Philippine SMEs
PJD 2017 Vol. 44 No. 2a
Role of Subjective Perceptions and Migration Culture in the Formation of Migration Intentions: Evidence from a Rural Village in the Philippines
Publication Detail
SEARCA AJAD 2020 17-1-6: Generational Local Ecological Knowledge on the Benefits of an Agroforestry Landscape in Mindanao, Philippines

Agroforestry landscapes in the Philippines provide benefits or ecosystem services that have traditionally and sustainably supported food production for rural communities and the protection of natural resources. However, the very continuity and sustainability of agroforestry is in question because of the rise of new generations of landscape users that can ascribe different values toward these benefits. Thus, this study highlights age-based local ecological knowledge (LEK) on these agroforestry-based ecosystem services to understand differences in the generational persistence and sources of their LEK. A structured survey was conducted with 36 youth, 36 middle-aged, and 36 elderly users of an agroforestry landscape in Libungan-Alamada Watershed in Mindanao, Philippines. This survey focused on the presence of LEK on seven provisioning and five regulating ecosystem services previously identified through multiple participatory exercises in the agroforestry landscape. Results indicated high LEK (more than 50% of knowledgeable respondents in all age groups) across all the ecosystem services, highlighting strong socialecological interdependence on the agroforestry landscape. While generational persistence of local knowledge was observed, the knowledge sources varied depending on the age group or the ecosystem service. Intergenerational transfer of knowledge was prominent for provisioning ecosystem services. However, institution-based learning was essential for regulating services (e.g., climate change mitigation), especially for the youth. Experiential learning was the primary mode of knowledge acquisition for regulating services (e.g., biodiversity conservation) for the older generations. These results provide strong evidence to help guide policy actors, decision makers, and program managers as they promote, conserve, and restore agroforestry practices, especially in production-protection landscapes such as the Libungan-Alamada Watershed. The revised policy should be based on age-targeted interventions and proper learning entry points that have been found effective in this study.

Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture
Authors Keywords
Galang, Elson Ian Nyl E.; Vaughter, Philip; watershed; agroforestry; ecosystem services; local ecological knowledge; learning ;
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2020 and available in the SEARCA K-Shop or can be downloaded as full text Downloaded 14 times since June 24, 2020