DRN Vol. 39 No.3
'Reexamine SHS Programs Employment and Entrepreneurial Objectives'
Regulatory Impact Assessment Adoption Determinants: A Diagnostic Framework
Exploring Responses to the Employment Impact of Excise Tax Reform: The Case of the Philippine Tobacco Industry
Mapping Out Employment Opportunities in the Cultural Heritage Sector A Strategic Framework

PIDS WB 2021-0905
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 4: Robust and Healthy Workforce and Closing Program
PIDS WB 2021-0904
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 3: Green And Inclusive Recovery
PIDS WB 2021-0903
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 2: Ethical Business
PIDS WB 2021-0902
Opening Program and Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 1: Resetting Capitalism
Publication Detail
PN 2018-17: Barriers and Bottlenecks to School Attendance: An Update

This Policy Note describes the profile of out-of-school children (OOSC) in the Philippines. Among others, it finds that school attendance in the country remains largely an economic issue as more than half of OOSC come from low-income families. Attendance is likewise gendered, as 2 in every 3 OOSC were boys, some portion of which may be caused by the need to augment the family income. Across regions, the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao posted the highest OOSC rate. To address these issues, this study urges the Department of Education to consider suggestions for addressing gender disparities in participation and performance of children. Possible supply-side interventions include policies on hiring more male teachers, subject to review, and diversifying teaching strategies to include activities that may reduce the learning deficit between sexes. It also argues that while the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program appears to have improved the schooling of children among poor families, the cash transfers seem not sufficient in addressing opportunity costs of schooling, especially as children age and as cost of living increases.

Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Authors Keywords
Albert, Jose Ramon G.; David, Clarissa C.; Vizmanos, Jana Flor V.; Philippines; basic education; education; school attendance; school participation; OOSC; out-of-school children;
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2018 and available in the PIDS Library or Downloaded 423 times since December 19, 2018
Please let us know your reason for downloading this publication. May we also ask you to provide additional information that will help us serve you better? Rest assured that your answers will not be shared with any outside parties. It will take you only two minutes to complete the survey. Thank you.

To use as reference:
If others, (Please specify):
Name: (optional)
Email: (required, but will not display)
If Prefer to self-describe, please specify:
Level of Education:
If employed either part-time or full-time, name of office:
If others, (Please specify):
Would you like to receive the SERP-P UPDATES e-newsletter? Yes No
Use the space below if you have any comment about this publication or SERP-P knowledge resources in general.