DRN Vol. 39 No.3
'Reexamine SHS Programs Employment and Entrepreneurial Objectives'
Regulatory Impact Assessment Adoption Determinants: A Diagnostic Framework
Exploring Responses to the Employment Impact of Excise Tax Reform: The Case of the Philippine Tobacco Industry
Mapping Out Employment Opportunities in the Cultural Heritage Sector A Strategic Framework

PIDS WB 2021-0905
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 4: Robust and Healthy Workforce and Closing Program
PIDS WB 2021-0904
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 3: Green And Inclusive Recovery
PIDS WB 2021-0903
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 2: Ethical Business
PIDS WB 2021-0902
Opening Program and Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 1: Resetting Capitalism
Publication Detail
DP 2018-20: Profile and Determinants of the Middle-Income Class in the Philippines

This paper defines the middle-income class as those whose per capita incomes are within two- and twelve- times the (official) poverty line. Descriptive analyses show that middle-income households 1) are largely found in urban areas, 2) have members (working age) employed in stable jobs, and 3) place high value on investing in human capital. The determinants of middle-income status are identified using a multinomial logistic model. Results of the empirical estimation are generally consistent with the findings of the descriptive analyses. The paper also provides policy discussions on unintended consequences arising from the growth of the middle income and on the need for policy action to address the concerns. The study also performs a simulation exercise to assess whether the long-term goal of a predominantly “middle class” society can be achieved using the thresholds for defining the middle-income class.

Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Authors Keywords
Albert, Jose Ramon G.; Santos, Angelo Gabrielle F.; Vizmanos, Jana Flor V. ; poverty; income distribution; human capital; inequality; economic development; middle-income class; median voter;
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2018 and available in the PIDS Library or Downloaded 822 times since December 10, 2018
Please let us know your reason for downloading this publication. May we also ask you to provide additional information that will help us serve you better? Rest assured that your answers will not be shared with any outside parties. It will take you only two minutes to complete the survey. Thank you.

To use as reference:
If others, (Please specify):
Name: (optional)
Email: (required, but will not display)
If Prefer to self-describe, please specify:
Level of Education:
If employed either part-time or full-time, name of office:
If others, (Please specify):
Would you like to receive the SERP-P UPDATES e-newsletter? Yes No
Use the space below if you have any comment about this publication or SERP-P knowledge resources in general.