Strategies for Effective Implementation of the CPAR Program - Building Up From the Gains: Lessons From the Improvements for Effective Implementation of the Community-Based Participatory Action Research Program (SEARCA-DA-BAR Policy Brief 2021)
Skills Needs Anticipation (SNA): Workplace Skills and Satisfaction (WSS) Baseline Survey of Select Employers in the Construction Industry
Strengthening Multi-employer Bargaining: Policies and Practices (Phase II)
Non-Hazardous Activities for Children: The Case of Banana and Sugarcane Supply Chains

PIDS WB 2021-0905
7th Mindanao Policy Research Forum
PIDS WB 2021-0905
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 4: Robust and Healthy Workforce and Closing Program
PIDS WB 2021-0904
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 3: Green And Inclusive Recovery
PIDS WB 2021-0903
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 2: Ethical Business
Publication Detail
SEARCA DPS 2011-3: Capacity for the Conservation of the Ifugao Rice Terraces: The Hungduan Farmers of Ifugao

The study aimed to build the capacity of Hungduan farmers in preparation for a full-blown Payments for Environmental and Cultural Services (PECS) project, by engaging them in environmental and cultural resource assessment in a watershed context. Specifically, the study facilitated activities that enhanced Ifugao farmers’ knowledge in community-based resource and damage assessment and mapping, identified the environmental and cultural services of Hungduan, and formulated communitybased management plans for four sub-watersheds. The processes in implementing the study were also documented. The total areas of rice terraces in Clusters 1, 2, 3, and 4 were estimated to be 623 hectares (ha), 631 ha, 1,171 ha, and 637 ha, respectively. Damaged terraces ranged from 13 percent to a maximum of 20 percent, while abandoned terraces were found to be minimal. The farmers identified water, carbon sequestration, and soil conservation as the ecosystem services produced by the rice terraces; whereas organic farming, native customs, and the maintenance and restoration of stone walls, terraces, and woodlots were regarded as the cultural services. The farmers developed management plans that were similar in terms of objectives and strategies but different in implementation strategies, costs, and scheduling. Some farmers did not readily accept the use of the watershed as a management unit. In addition, their harvests from the terraces were barely enough for their subsistence; they had no surplus income that could be used for terrace repair. The study found, among other things, that complementing indigenous knowledge with classroom and research techniques is effective in generating reliable information needed for management planning, and the use of three-dimensional (3D) maps can facilitate management plan preparation. Farmers’ activities in rice terraces management and conservation should be supported or subsidized, possibly by the local government units and the countryside development fund of congressmen and senators (short-term), or through a sustainable financing mechanism such as PECS (long-term). Aside from tourism revenues, such a financing mechanism may also be supported by payments for other environmental services produced, such as water, biodiversity, and carbon sequestration.

Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture
Authors Keywords
Josefina T. Dizon; Asa Jose U. Sajise; Margaret M. Calderon; Nathaniel C. Bantayan; Analyn L. Codilan; Myranel G. Salvador; small farmers; coral reef conservation; Ifugao rice terraces;
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2011 and available in the SEARCA K-Shop or Downloaded 138 times since December 04, 2018
Please let us know your reason for downloading this publication. May we also ask you to provide additional information that will help us serve you better? Rest assured that your answers will not be shared with any outside parties. It will take you only two minutes to complete the survey. Thank you.

To use as reference:
If others, (Please specify):
Name: (optional)
Email: (required, but will not display)
If Prefer to self-describe, please specify:
Level of Education:
If employed either part-time or full-time, name of office:
If others, (Please specify):
Would you like to receive the SERP-P UPDATES e-newsletter? Yes No
Use the space below if you have any comment about this publication or SERP-P knowledge resources in general.