PN 2020-04
Aligning Higher Education with Demands for Data Science Workforce
PN 2020-03
Why and How should We Value Unpaid Work?
PN 2020-02
Assessing the Philippine Irrigation Development Program
BSP WPS 2016-01
The Impact of Foreign Exchange Liberalization Reforms on the Philippine Economy: An Initial Assessment
Publication Detail
DP 2017-42: Inequality of Opportunities Among Ethnic Groups in the Philippines

This paper contributes to the scant body of literature on inequalities among and within ethnic groups in the Philippines by examining both the vertical and horizontal measures in terms of opportunities in accessing basic services such as education, electricity, safe water, and sanitation. The study also provides a glimpse of the patterns of inequality in Mindanao. The results show that there are significant inequalities in opportunities in accessing basic services within and among ethnic groups in the Philippines. Muslims (particularly the indigenous people) are the worst-off ethnic groups while the nonindigenous/ non-Muslim groups are the better-off groups. Disparities in terms of literacy rate and access to electricity and sanitation between ethnic groups, however, appear to be narrowing between 2000 and 2010.

Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Authors Keywords
Reyes, Celia M.; Mina, Christian D.; Asis, Ronina D.; Philippines; income inequality; ethnic groups; inequality; indigenous people;
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2017 and available in the PIDS Library or can be downloaded as full text Downloaded 815 times since December 21, 2017