Strategies for Effective Implementation of the CPAR Program - Building Up From the Gains: Lessons From the Improvements for Effective Implementation of the Community-Based Participatory Action Research Program (SEARCA-DA-BAR Policy Brief 2021)
Skills Needs Anticipation (SNA): Workplace Skills and Satisfaction (WSS) Baseline Survey of Select Employers in the Construction Industry
Strengthening Multi-employer Bargaining: Policies and Practices (Phase II)
Non-Hazardous Activities for Children: The Case of Banana and Sugarcane Supply Chains

PIDS WB 2021-0905
7th Mindanao Policy Research Forum
PIDS WB 2021-0905
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 4: Robust and Healthy Workforce and Closing Program
PIDS WB 2021-0904
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 3: Green And Inclusive Recovery
PIDS WB 2021-0903
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 2: Ethical Business
Publication Detail
DP 2017-20: National Accounts and Household Survey Estimates of Household Expenditures: Why Do They Differ and Why Should We Be Concerned?

Estimates of household expenditures directly obtained from the Family Income and Expenditure Survey (FIES) and household final consumption expenditures from national accounts have discrepancies, with their divergence generally growing across time. Such discrepancies have consequences to policy: poverty can be overestimated and income inequality can be underestimated if survey-based estimates are biased downward. There is no assurance that national accounts estimates, which also have measurement errors (just like survey-based estimates), are more accurate. This paper considers how estimates are derived from both surveys and national accounts, as well as other related measurement issues, i.e., undercoverage of wealthy households and the underestimation of their expenditures. The study recommends the use of an acceptable protocol for triangulating estimates of national accounts and survey-based estimates of household expenditure. Further, it also encourages the conduct of other data collection protocols such as 1) administering special surveys for tracking and monitoring income and expenditure patterns of the missing wealthy, 2) splitting the FIES into a family income survey and household expenditure survey, and 3) asking field enumerators of the Philippine Statistics Authority to directly observe electricity meter readings of households targeted for interview to help researchers model adequately the expenditures (or incomes) of all households.

Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Authors Keywords
Albert, Jose Ramon G.; Asis, Ronina D.; Vizmanos, Jana Flor V.; Philippines; household final consumption expenditure; national accounts; household expenditure; sample surveys; missing wealthy;
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2017 and available in the PIDS Library or Downloaded 1,532 times since June 06, 2017
Please let us know your reason for downloading this publication. May we also ask you to provide additional information that will help us serve you better? Rest assured that your answers will not be shared with any outside parties. It will take you only two minutes to complete the survey. Thank you.

To use as reference:
If others, (Please specify):
Name: (optional)
Email: (required, but will not display)
If Prefer to self-describe, please specify:
Level of Education:
If employed either part-time or full-time, name of office:
If others, (Please specify):
Would you like to receive the SERP-P UPDATES e-newsletter? Yes No
Use the space below if you have any comment about this publication or SERP-P knowledge resources in general.