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Publication Detail
UPSE DP 2007-04: Measuring Education Inequality In the Philippines

This paper measures the degree of education inequality in the Philippines. It generates the average years of schooling (AYS) and education Gini coefficients of the Philippines as a whole, and all its regions and provinces to examine the economically-active population’s level of educational attainment and the distribution of education. The paper finds that although inequality in educational attainment declined from 1960 to 2000 for the Philippines as a whole, and in all its regions and provinces, there are wide discrepancies in the educational performance of regions and provinces. Using decomposition analysis, it finds that poor provinces have greater education inequality than non-poor provinces and on the national level, women are facing a more equitable distribution of education than males. The regional and provincial data shows that the education Gini index is negatively associated to the average years of schooling and Gross Domestic Regional Product, but positively associated to the income Gini index, poverty incidence and poverty gap.

UP-School of Economics
Authors Keywords
Mesa, Eirene P.; poverty gap; poverty incidence; poverty; education;
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2007 and available in the UPSE or Downloaded 326 times since November 25, 2011
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