LATEST PUBLICATIONS
WP-2012-07
Regulatory Impact Assessment Adoption Determinants: A Diagnostic Framework
WP-2012-06
Exploring Responses to the Employment Impact of Excise Tax Reform: The Case of the Philippine Tobacco Industry
WP-2012-05
Mapping Out Employment Opportunities in the Cultural Heritage Sector A Strategic Framework
WP-2012-04
Enhancing Decent Work Outcomes in Small-Scale Gold Mining

LATEST AV MATERIALS
PIDS WB 2021-0904
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 3: Green And Inclusive Recovery
PIDS WB 2021-0903
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 2: Ethical Business
PIDS WB 2021-0902
Opening Program and Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 1: Resetting Capitalism
PIDS WB 2021-0901
19th Development Policy Research Month Kick-Off Forum
Publication Detail
DP 2006-07: Issues and Prospects on the Movement of Natural Persons and Human Capital Development in the Philippine-American Economic Relations

The United States of America is the top trading partner of the Philippines and also the top destination of highly skilled and professional Filipino workers. This paper explores the possibility of a free trade agreement (FTA) that covers the asymmetries of the two countries in labor, services and human resources development, particularly educational services. The existing FTAs of the U.S. were examined to seek for provisions the Philippines may adopt for a freer movement of natural persons. However, there are barriers inherent in the U.S. immigration and recent U.S. Congressional pronouncements to uphold the primacy of their immigration policy, thus, no more similar liberal agreements could be entered into. Issues on the movement of workers, particularly mutual recognition, accreditation, taxation and the refund of social security contributions were raised. For the educational sector, the issue of public subsidy and national treatment of foreign service providers were also brought up to clarify the objective of bringing access to students. The paper concluded that for an FTA concerning the movement of natural persons to materialize, the Philippines should weigh its sacrifices against what it will be requesting from the U.S. within the context of the overall importance of the maximizing opportunities for the Filipino worker.

Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Authors Keywords
Tullao, Tereso Jr. S.; Cortez, Michael Angelo A.; trade liberalization; labor market; labor migration; market access; General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS); movement of natural persons; services trade; modes of supply; educational system; cross-border transactions; reciprocity; preferential treatment; national treatment; mutual recognition agreement; free trade agreements (FTAs);
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2006 and available in the PIDS Library or Downloaded 1,282 times since November 25, 2011
×
Please let us know your reason for downloading this publication. May we also ask you to provide additional information that will help us serve you better? Rest assured that your answers will not be shared with any outside parties. It will take you only two minutes to complete the survey. Thank you.


To use as reference:
If others, (Please specify):
Name: (optional)
Email: (required, but will not display)
Age:
Gender:
If Prefer to self-describe, please specify:
Level of Education:
Occupation:
If employed either part-time or full-time, name of office:
If others, (Please specify):
Would you like to receive the SERP-P UPDATES e-newsletter? Yes No
Use the space below if you have any comment about this publication or SERP-P knowledge resources in general.