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Adding Diversity as a New Dimension in the Food Security Framework

International development is undergoing a paradigm shift from a focus on hunger to an increased focus on the coexistence of multiple forms of malnutrition. The comparison between the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) embodies this paradigm shift. Published in 2000, MDG set the first goal as "eradicate extreme poverty and hunger." Under this goal, one of the main targets is to reduce half of the proportion of people who suffer from hunger. In contrast, when UN published SDG in 2015, the issue of hunger is separated with poverty and put under the second goal—"end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture."


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