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PN 2021-10: Why Literacy Measurement Deserves Rethinking

Basic literacy is nearly universal in the Philippines, according to data from the 2015 Population Census. However, underlying issues such as gender disparity, geographical location, socioeconomic status, and digital divide are concomitant to literacy gaps, especially among children. This Policy Note examines several nationally representative surveys measuring literacy. It finds that both basic and functional literacy data do not fully capture the continuum of literacy concepts. Likewise, there are biases in reported basic literacy versus tested skills. Thus, the study recommends conducting diagnostic assessments to measure functional literacy better. Moreover, it suggests designing improved policies to vigorously address persisting disparities in literacy and school participation between boys and girls and across regions. Lastly, the study urges policymakers and stakeholders to work hand in hand on improving Filipinos’ literacy, numeracy, and digital competencies.

Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Authors Keywords
Albert, Jose Ramon G. ; school participation; gender disparity; basic literacy; numeracy; functional literacy; digital competency; population censuses; FLEMMS;
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Published in 2021 and available for Downloaded 82 times since October 25, 2021
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