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Publication Detail
RPS 2019-05: Obstacles of Philippine SMEs' Participation in Global Value Chains

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play an important role in the economy of many developing countries. In the Philippines, SMEs, including microbusinesses, account for 99.5 percent of firms and 63.2 percent of employment. However, this sector remains much less productive than their large counterparts. One way to help SMEs achieve higher productivity is to connect them to global value chains (GVCs). There are, however, a number of obstacles that make participating in GVCs difficult for SMEs. This paper attempts to determine the challenges as well as the enablers of connecting SMEs to GVCs. Findings indicate that Philippine SMEs are weakly linked to GVCs. The challenges and enablers can be grouped into five themes: (1) competition among countries in Southeast and East Asia; (2) international standards, regulatory requirements, and local institutions; (3) role of the government and institutions; (4) adapting to changes in international market demand and input supply; and (5) entrepreneurial mindset and skills.

Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Authors Keywords
Francisco, Jamil Paolo S.; Canare, Tristan A.; Labios, Jean Rebecca D. ; competition; Philippines; global value chains; small and medium enterprises; SMEs; Philippine SMEs; internationalization; exports; ;
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Published in 2019 and available in the PIDS Library or Downloaded 382 times since December 23, 2019
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