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SEARCA PGPA 2013 1: Productivity in the Rice Sector in Philippine Agriculture

This study determined the sources of productivity in the Philippine rice sector by measuring its productivity indices using the Malmquist total productivity index. The productivity indices were decomposed into technical efficiency change and technical change. Results showed that total factor productivity (TFP) growth for rice was low. TFP growth was largely due to technical change, with little or no efficiency change over time. Some of the determinants of TFP growth in rice were seeds, irrigation, farmer training, credit, post-harvest facilities, and market support. Since technical change largely accounted for the TFP in rice, increasing research expenditures in the sector is recommended for varietal improvement and seed production. More effective seed distribution strategies are also recommended. Given the low efficiency change, farmer training must be enhanced to achieve efficiency change. Likewise, extension support and administration should be improved in light of this devolution. Rehabilitating irrigation facilities should be prioritized. Accordingly, strong political will is required to implement such productivity-enhancing programs.

Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture
Authors Keywords
Mercedita A. Sombilla; Minda C. Mangabat; Eduardo B. Sanguyo; rice sector; Philippine agriculture; total factor productivity; PGPA; technical efficiency change; technical change; Malmquist total factor productivity index;
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Published in 2013 and available in the SEARCA K-Shop or can be downloaded as full text Downloaded 84 times since December 04, 2018