Strategies for Effective Implementation of the CPAR Program - Building Up From the Gains: Lessons From the Improvements for Effective Implementation of the Community-Based Participatory Action Research Program (SEARCA-DA-BAR Policy Brief 2021)
Skills Needs Anticipation (SNA): Workplace Skills and Satisfaction (WSS) Baseline Survey of Select Employers in the Construction Industry
Strengthening Multi-employer Bargaining: Policies and Practices (Phase II)
Non-Hazardous Activities for Children: The Case of Banana and Sugarcane Supply Chains

PIDS WB 2021-0905
7th Mindanao Policy Research Forum
PIDS WB 2021-0905
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 4: Robust and Healthy Workforce and Closing Program
PIDS WB 2021-0904
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 3: Green And Inclusive Recovery
PIDS WB 2021-0903
Annual Public Policy Conference Webinar 2: Ethical Business
Publication Detail
DP 2012-36: Impacts of Natural Disasters on Agriculture, Food Security, and Natural Resources and Environment in the Philippines

This study quantitatively and qualitatively analyzed the impacts of natural disasters, particularly typhoons, floods, and droughts, on agriculture, food security, and the natural resources and environment in the Philippines. It aimed to propose recommendations as to how best to respond to the impacts of natural disasters and to identify further economic studies that can be undertaken. The study found that: a) typhoons, floods, and droughts have an insignificant impact on agricultural production at the national level, yet typhoons have a significant negative impact on paddy rice production at the provincial level; b) typhoons, as exemplified by Ondoy and Pepeng in 2009, have a significant negative impact on the food security of the households in the affected areas; c) households have varying consumption and nonconsumption strategies to cope with the impacts of typhoons; and d) the different impacts of typhoons, floods, and droughts on the natural resources and environment have not been quantitatively assessed in detail but the available evidence suggests that these are also substantial.

Based on its results and findings, the study recommends the following: a) Since typhoons have significant negative impacts on rice production at the local level as opposed to the national level, assistance for rice farmers and the agriculture sector as a whole should be made more site-specific, zeroing in on the affected areas that actually need it; b) Those assisting affected households and areas in overcoming the ill-effects of natural disasters should consider not only consumption strategies, such as the provision of emergency food aid, but also nonconsumption strategies, such as the provision of postdisaster emergency employment; and c) While the available evidence suggests that the natural resources and environment sector is significantly affected by natural disasters, it is currently less considered as attention is presently focused on agriculture. It may now be high time to provide concrete assistance to this sector, in particular by allocating for it defensive investments and rehabilitation expenditures to cope with these natural disasters.

Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Authors Keywords
Israel, Danilo C.; Briones, Roehlano M.; natural resources and environment; Philippines; agriculture; food security; natural disasters; floods; drought; typhoons; Agricultural Multimarket Model for Policy Evaluation (AMPLE);
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2012 and available in the PIDS Library or Downloaded 2,138 times since November 06, 2012
Please let us know your reason for downloading this publication. May we also ask you to provide additional information that will help us serve you better? Rest assured that your answers will not be shared with any outside parties. It will take you only two minutes to complete the survey. Thank you.

To use as reference:
If others, (Please specify):
Name: (optional)
Email: (required, but will not display)
If Prefer to self-describe, please specify:
Level of Education:
If employed either part-time or full-time, name of office:
If others, (Please specify):
Would you like to receive the SERP-P UPDATES e-newsletter? Yes No
Use the space below if you have any comment about this publication or SERP-P knowledge resources in general.