LATEST PUBLICATIONS
DP 2019-08
Understanding the New Globalization: Implications for the Philippines
PN 2019-09
Strengthening Institutional Links for Irrigation Water Governance
PN 2019-08
Evaluation of National Irrigation Systems in the Philippines
PIDS Book 2019-01
Harnessing the Fourth Industrial Revolution: Creating Our Future Today (Proceedings of the Fourth Annual Public Policy Conference 2018)
Publication Detail
RPS 2008-01: Rice and Philippine Politics

Using a political economy perspective, this paper establishes the strong relationship between rice and politics and explains recent developments in the Philippine rice landscape. Results of the analysis show that the price of rice has been a significant determinant in election results since the 1950s, with the exception of 1998, where despite stable prices, the presidential candidate from the incumbent administration failed to win the elections. In addition, reliance by the Philippine government primarily on price instruments to achieve its rice objectives and to protect farmer and consumer interests has not resulted in any substantial improvements in rice production. In fact, the shift to rice protection since the 1980s has failed to stabilize domestic rice prices and has penalized the poor. If the Philippines is to achieve sustained, stable rice supply at low prices and, at the same time, promote rice consumer and producer welfare, the adoption of a private-focused, market-based regulatory regime without a rice trading parastatal (but with rice emergency reserves, not for price stabilization) remains a long-term objective.

Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Authors Keywords
Intal, Ponciano Jr. S.; Garcia, Marissa C.; rice price policy; rice; rice and politics; rice productivity; elections;
Download PDF Number of Downloads
Published in 2008 and available in the PIDS Library or can be downloaded as full text Downloaded 2,052 times since September 19, 2012