PJD 2017 Vol. 44 No. 2d
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PJD 2017 Vol. 44 No. 2c
Possible Effects of China's Belt and Road Initiative on Philippine Trade and Investments
PJD 2017 Vol. 44 No. 2b
Effect of Supply Chain Integration on Business Performance and Competitiveness of Philippine SMEs
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Role of Subjective Perceptions and Migration Culture in the Formation of Migration Intentions: Evidence from a Rural Village in the Philippines
Publication Detail
PN 1997-05: Improving Industrial Relations and Reducing Adjunct Costs of Production and Trading: Steps Toward Improved International Competi

This issue shows that Philippine labor has been relatively more expensive than the rest of its neighbors. If the country is to improve its industrial ties, several approaches are offered not only to increase labor productivity but to reduce business transaction costs and to perk up infrastructure bottlenecks as well.

Philippine Institute for Development Studies
Authors Keywords
Intal, Ponciano Jr. S.; industrial relations; international competitiveness; labor productivity; wage rates; adjunct cost; infrastructure development; transaction costs;
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