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Publication Detail
PASCN DP 2003-03: Assessment of Physical Resource Capability in Philippine Agriculture

The study assessed Philippine physical resources (i.e., land, water and weather pattern) with focus on rice, corn and coconut production systems. It specifically: 1) described the country's agricultural capabilities and defined boundaries/interactions among resources that influence agricultural production; 2) mapped out major agricultural production areas and determined possible relationships between performance and resources; 3) compared the Philippines� physical resources and agricultural performance with countries such as Thailand (rice and corn), Indonesia (rice and coconut) and Malaysia (coconut versus oil palm); and, 4) identified some policy issues on effective and efficient resource use for agricultural development. Findings on identified suitable land for agricultural land showed a Philippine potential to produce rice and corn enough to supply a projected 10-year increase in population demand, thus a current capability to produce at a surplus and compete globally. Several moderating variables to this potential were identified: climate (typhoon-prone for Luzon and Visayas), small area covered by irrigation facilities, small landholdings, and low incentives to use modern technologies due to the low benefit-cost ratio. Nevertheless, the study proposes that investment in R&D and policy changes could balance out the negative effects of these moderating factors. In addressing Philippine agricultural production requirements while competing globally, the study also forwarded the following considerations: 1) expansion of agricultural land can only help to a limited extent since the Philippines has the smallest land area among the four countries; 2) the country does not need to advocate for increased transfer of labor forces towards agriculture since our land to agricultural population ratio is already low compared to Thailand and Malaysia; 3) Philippine growth rates are comparable but remain the lowest in terms of absolute yield/ha, thus a need to look at diversification. Overall, the study pointed out a need to reconcile national food security policy and the drive against poverty based on technical and socio-economic contexts.

Philippine APEC Study Center Network
Authors Keywords
Cabanilla, Liborio S.; Velasco, Luis Rey I.; research and development sector; agriculture sector;
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Published in 2003 and available for Downloaded 718 times since December 08, 2016
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