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Publication Detail
ADB 2001-08: Integrated Coastal Resource Management Project

The Philippines is an archipelago of over 7,100 islands. Its seas cover 2.2 million square kilometers (km2) and its coastline stretches over 18,000 km. The Philippine coastal zone covers about 11,000 km2 of land and 267,000 km2 of coastal waters. About 60 percent of the population and 70 percent of 1,525 municipalities are located in the coastal zone. More than 60 percent of coastal municipalities are classified as 4th or 5th class.3 The coastal zone, with its abundant fish stocks, mangrove forests, coral reefs, and seagrasses, and its bays and coastal shelf, is the most biologically productive of marine environments. The coastal zone provides jobs, recreation, and valuable and diverse flora and fauna and is a major settlement area, a breeding ground and habitat for wildlife, and a great part of the country’s natural beauty. Coastal activities such as tourism and mariculture, and contiguous upland activities also impact on the area.

Asian Development Bank
Authors Keywords
ADB; Coastal Resource Management Project;
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Published in 2001 and available in the ADB or can be downloaded as full text Downloaded 5,504 times since November 25, 2011